Tuesday, October 19, 2010

Humanistic Approach of learning : Carl Roger’s Theory of Experiential Learning:

Humanistic Approach of learning : Carl Roger’s Theory of Experiential Learning:
Experiential Learning:
  1. Vital to one’s progress & welfare
  2. Associated with an application of the acquired knowledge
  3. Learning psychological principles . Example Engines in order to repair a car.
  4. Learner centered.
  5. Cares for needs & wants of Learner.
Characteristics or qualities of experiential learning:
  1. Personal involvement of the learner.
  2. Self initiated
  3. Self evaluation
  4. Pervasive effect on a learner.
Rogers believe: Strength & potentialities of human beings. Human beings have a natural inclination for learning & a desire to grow & progress.
Role of the Teacher & the parents:
  1. To help children in their ingerent desire for personal change & growth.
  2. To care for & facilitate such learning which helps the children to grow & develop according to their requirements.
Objectives of experiential learning:
  1. To Arrange favourable & positive climate
  2. To help learners to have purpose / objectives of his/ her learning.
  3. To organize learning resources & making them available to the learners.
  4. Balancing intellectual & emotional components of learning.
  5. To share feelings & thoughts with learners in a democratic way.
Basic conditions facilitating learning:
  1. Self threat of learner is minimum.
  2. Learning resources & climate are in learners favour.
  3. Complete participation of learners, control its nature & direction.
  4. Self evaluation for progress & success.
  5. Realizes importance of learning
  6. Develops an openness as well as willingness to learn.
Experiential learning advocates:
  1. Humanistic  & learner centered approach in classroom.
  2. To make learning process more humane.
  3. As  per the needs & interest of the learners.
  4. Personal social growth and development
  5. Emphasizing more on application than on theory alone.

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